The term “bug out bag” may be new to you especially if you have not seen any information about preppers or survivalists. The name is used to describe…Bug Out Bags – What are They and Do I Need One?
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My Heart Goes Out To Turkey and Syria
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Truth is what we seek.. July 1, 2018
Truth is what we seek
Check out these Guys
Fantastic true reporting
Just the Facts and nothing more
Ikaika Marzo with Phillip Ong and John Stallman
Check out Ikaika Marzo on Facebook Click Here
Phillip Ong on Youtube Click Here
So many super hero’s across this aina
Puna’s Super Hero’s continuing to help the community
HAWAII’s WATER CATCHMENT SYSTEMS: DRINKING WATER AFTER KILAUEA’S ERUPTION..
Drinking water from your catchment after Kilauea’s eruption…
Is it really safe to drink? Yes, If you take the correct measures to insure your water is filtered correctly.
How to use your water catchment systems water for drinking after the volcano erupts.
First Step: Buy a good water filtration system. Make sure the filters can remove heavy metals.
This Information Courtesy of
MORE About Hawai`i’s Acid Rain for Catchment Tanks
Because many questions have come up lately about the pH (a measure of acidity or alkalinity) in our catchment systems, we want to give you more detail on how acid rain can affect you through catchment water.
Different locations may require different treatment
The pH scale measures how acidic or basic something is. This logarithmic scale goes from 0-14. Numbers below 7 are considered acidic and above 7 are basic. Seven is neutral. Rain usually has a pH in the mid to high 5’s. Less than 5.6 is considered “acid rain.” On the mainland, acid rain is usually associated with pollution from burning fossil fuels that release excessive nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. In Hawai`i, the biggest cause of acid rain is from our volcanoes, which release sulfur dioxides and trioxides into the air. These oxides, in a series of reactions in the atmosphere, combine with water molecules and form dilute acids which return to earth as acid rain. Usually Hawai`i’s acid rain contains sulfuric acid where other types of air pollution can create nitric acid.
Why does acid rain matter?
Normally rocks, soil and vegetation act as buffers and neutralize the acid. If the pH is really low, it can damage delicate vegetation and cause ecological damage. In rainwater catchment systems, acid rain can be a problem because it can leach metals and other surface and tank coatings and deposit them into the water. This is a particular problem in older homes—typically built before 1979—where roofs might have lead paint, nails, flashings and solder.
Is acid rain a health hazard?
Drinking acidic rainwater isn’t normally a problem. In fact, we drink a lot of acidic drinks and food. However, excessive acid could affect your teeth. Just like drinking soda pop or sucking on lemons, if you constantly expose your teeth to acid conditions, their protective enamel coating will be compromised.
Our biggest concern about drinking acidic rainwater is when heavy metals and other leached materials get into the water. A very common problem is when copper from water pipes make blue/green stains on our sinks and tubs. Sometimes severe leaching will cause pipes to leak.
Having some copper in our water is not necessarily a health hazard because our bodies need some copper. Many people’s diets in the US are deficient in copper and vitamin C inhibits the body’s intake of copper. However, if you suspect your copper levels are high, especially if you can taste the copper in your water, it may be too high and you should get your water tested.
Where to get your water tested for copper and lead
The cost of copper and lead water testing is partially subsidized by the Department of Health’s Safe Drinking Water Branch. On the island of Hawaii, call 933-0401 to make arrangements. You can also do inexpensive testing for lead and copper through the UH College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, however these laboratories are not certified for drinking water, so if you use them, you should only use the results as a reference (for example, your levels are high or low), rather than focusing on a specific number.
Charcoal or carbon filters can also remove heavy metals
You can add filters made from charcoal or carbon blocks to remove lead, copper and other similar contaminants from the water. These filters should have a list of what contaminants they remove on the outside packaging. We also recommend that the product you buy contain an NSF International seal, which verifies the manufacturer’s claims.
How to get pH testing
If you want to test the pH of your water, you can buy simple pH test strips from chemical supply stores or from the UH CTAHR Hilo office. PH testing kits are also available from swimming pool supply stores and some hardware stores. In addition, there are local water laboratories that can do pH testing, if you prefer to bring a water sample to a lab, call the lab first to learn how to collect your water appropriately.
How to raise the pH levels in your catchment tank
If you need to raise the pH in your water, dissolve about 1-2 boxes of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) in a bucket of water and add it to the tank every 2-4 weeks. You may need more, depending on the acidity of your water and size of your tank. Too much baking soda will make your water start to feel very soft or slimy. The baking soda also adds salt into your water, just like commercial water softeners do, and may be a problem for people on restricted salt diets.
Another product you can add is food-grade calcium carbonate granules, which are available from chemical supply companies and some local suppliers. Large solids of calcium carbonate, like limestone rocks, are not effective because the sulfur coats the surfaces and does not wash off. With limestone granules, the surface area is much larger, so they will work longer.
Concrete hollow building blocks or tiles are not effective as their surface gets coated quickly and they are not food-grade, so they should not be added to catchment water.
For more information, please contact Trisha Macomber, MPH, UH College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources, Cooperative Extension Services, 981-5199 or send and e-mail to: email@example.com.
Rockfall generates a short-lived explosion at Halema‘uma‘u crater
Rockfall generates a short-lived explosion at Halema‘uma‘u crater, at 8:27 a.m. HST, May 9.
An ash column rises from the Overlook crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano today. The USGS-Hawaiian Volcano Observatory’s interpretation is that the explosion was triggered by a rockfall from the steep walls of Overlook crater.
The summit lava lake level has dropped about 220 m (722 ft) below the crater rim from April 30-May 7. The water table is about 460m (1970 ft) below the caldera floor. This explosion was due to a rockfall and not the interaction of magma with the water table.
This photograph was taken at 8:29 a.m. HST on May 9, from the Jaggar Museum overlook. The explosion was short-lived. Geologists examining the ash deposits on the rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater found fresh lava fragments hurled from the lava lake. This explosion was not caused by the interaction of the lava lake with the water table. When the ash cleared from the crater about an hour after the explosion, geologists were able to observe the lava lake surface, which is still above the water table.
#usgs #hvo #hawaiianvolcanoobservatory #kilauea #volcano #PuuOo #KilaueaErupts #LeilaniEstatesEruption #leilaniestates
Returning home is a scary feeling when you don’t know what to expect.
Lava Insurance too expensive for most islanders…
Specialty insurance, added extras… These days those are typical words homeowners are hearing from the insurance companies. Time to have a “CHECK UP” on your homeowners insurance policy. Make sure you are covered for what you “THINK” you are covered for. Better to find out before something happens.
VOG: OUR HEALTH… WHAT IS THIS HAWAII?
WHAT IS VOG???
WARNING: STAY INSIDE YOUR HOMES IF POSSIBLE.
by Chad Rhodes May 8, 2018 10:34 AM
The big question the last few days has been “Whats the VOG going to do to us humans and our pets?”
Noxious sulfur dioxide gas and other pollutants emitted from Kilauea Volcano on the Island of Hawai`i react with oxygen and atmospheric moisture to produce volcanic smog (vog) and acid rain. Vog poses a health hazard by aggravating preexisting respiratory ailments, and acid rain damages crops and can leach lead into household water supplies. The U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is closely monitoring gas emissions from Kilauea and working with health professionals and local officials to better understand volcanic air pollution and to enhance public awareness of this hazard.
Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens are both consumed by noxious gases and are not safe for humans or pets to live in.
Thick, acrid haze has started to cover all of the East side of the island. A resident from Hawaiian Paradise Park, approximately 15 miles from the eruption in Leilani Estates said “for the last 2 days we have had vog and ash. As you can see my fan is covered in what I am assuming is ash from Leilani Estates or Kilauea”.
We were warned early and told that outdoor activities in parks/ beaches might be canceled in affected areas and that schools might need to keep children indoors. People were also warned to be aware of respiratory problems, as these conditions could deteriorate more rapidly in areas of heavier haze. Keep your pets indoors if possible. This choking haze was not caused by a forest fire or industrial pollution but by light winds blowing gas emissions from Leilani Estates and/or Kilauea Volcano into the area.
SO2 is a poisonous gas that irritates skin and the tissues and mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and throat. During even moderate physical activity, SO2 penetrates deeply into the airway and can produce respiratory distress in some individuals.
Many residents and visitors on the Island of Hawai`i report physical complaints associated with vog exposure. These complaints include headaches, breathing difficulties, increased susceptibility to respiratory ailments, watery eyes, sore throat, flu-like symptoms, and a general lack of energy. In contrast to SO2 gas concentration near Kilauea, the amount of aerosol particles in Hawaii’s air does not routinely exceed Federal standards, but the unique combination of acidic particles, trace amounts of toxic metals, and SO2 gas in vog may account for the wide variety of physical symptoms reported.
For More Information on Vog please see USGS
35 Homes Destroyed and 2 new Fissures open in LEILANI ESTATES… Disaster Grows!!!
Disaster looms for many residents of a subdivision in Hawaii. It seems every hour you hear the lava has consumed another house in Leilani Estates on the Big Island of Hawaii. Residents are growing restless not knowing if their house has joined the list of the others that have been destroyed by Pele. Locals say she is reclaiming the land.